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贸易术语 Incoterms repository
外贸常识 trade repository
报送指南 apply to the customs guide
检验检疫 inspection quarantine
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Knowledge battery and lamp >>
A Glossary of Battery Terms
About lamp special vocabulary comparation list
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acme pens
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报送指南 apply to the customs guide
关于技术贸易 (About technology trading)
从价关税 (Ad Valorem Duties)
从价 (Ad Valorem)
动物产品 (Animal Product)
反倾销税 (Anti-dumping Duties)
反倾销税 (Anti-Dumping)
自主关税 (Autonomous Tariff)
单方面转移收支 (Balance of Unilateral Transfers)
保税制度 (Bonded System)
约束税率 (Bound Rate)
布鲁塞尔估价定义 (Brussels Definition of Value BDV)
出厂价格 (Cost Price)
成本 (Cost)
反补贴税 (Counter Vailing Duties)
货币 (Currency)
海关 (Customhouse)
关税合作理事会 (Customs Co-operation Council)
关税 (Customs Duty)
关税同盟 (Customs Union)
海关估价 (Customs Valuation)
差别关税 (Differential Duties)
有效保护率 (Effective Vate of Protection)
汇兑税 (Exchange Tax)
出口管制 (Export Contral)
出口信贷国家担保制 (Export credit Guarantee)
出口税 (Export Duty)
出口信贷 (Export Finance)
出口许可证 (Export Licence)
出口退税 (Export Rebates)
出口限制 (Export Restriction)
出口补贴 (Export Subsidies)
规费 (Fees)
自主关税 (free tariff)
如何报关、结关和清关? (how to apply to the customs, settle and clear the customs)
怎样进行进出口货物的查验 (how to inspect the import and export merchandise)
处于发展初级阶段 (In the Early Etages of Development)
对技术进出口的管理 (management of technology trading)
优惠差额 (Margin of Preference)
多种汇率 (Multiple Rates of Exchange)
汇兑平价 (Par Value of Exchange)
超保护贸易政策 (Policy of Super-protection)
优惠税率 (Preferential Rate)
初级产品 (Primary Commodity)
产品对产品减税方式 (Product by Product Reduction of Tariff)
保护关税 (Protective Tariff)
出口动物产品检疫 (Quarantine of Export Animal products)
互惠原则 (Reciprocity)
对报关期限的规定 (regulate in the term of clearing customs)
我国的报关注册登记制度 (regulate of customs clearing registeration in China)
储备货币 (Reserve Currency)
关税和贸易总协定秘书处 (Secretariat of GATT)
从量税 (Specific Duty)
关税减让 (Tariff Concession)
关税升级 (Tariff Escalation)
关税水平 (Tariff Level)
国内税 (Taxes or Excise Duty)
关税和贸易总协定 (The General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade)
处理剩余产品的指导原则 (The Guiding Principle of Clealing With the Surplus Agricultural Products)
关税配额 (Tariff Quota)
关税税则 (Tariff)
最惠国税率 (The Most-favoured-nation Rate of Duty)
初级产品的价格 (The Price of Primang Products)
过境关税 (Transit Duty)
差价关税 (Variable Import Levies)
船舶 (Vessel)
报关时需要提交哪些单证 (what kind of documents need in clearing the customs)

(Ad Valorem)

是各国征税时通用的一个原则,即征税时按商品价格的一定百分比确定税额,随商品价格的上涨,税额增加,随商品价格的下跌,税额减少,是与“从量原则”对应的。Ad valorem是拉丁文。



definition- A duty or tax that is levied as a percentage of the value of the imported goods. It also is known as a tariff.

In 1852 the General Assembly first authorized property taxation and thus the birth of ad valorem tax in the State of Georgia. Ad valorem tax, more commonly known as property tax, is a large source of revenue for local governments in Georgia. The basis for ad valorem taxation is the fair market value of the property which is established as of January 1 of each year. The tax is levied on the assessed value of the property which by law, is established at 40% of fair market value. The amount of tax is determined by the tax rate (mill rate) levied by various entities (one mill is equal to $1.00 for each $1,000 of assessed value, or .001) multiplied by the assessed value.

Several distinct entities are involved in the ad valorem tax process.

The County Tax Commissioner is an officer established by the Constitution and elected in all counties (except one). The official’s responsibility is receiving tax returns filed by taxpayers or designating the Board of Assessors to receive them; receiving and processing applications for homestead exemptions or designating the Board of Assessors to receive and process them; serving as agent of the State Revenue Commissioner for the registration of motor vehicles; and performing all functions relating to billing, collecting, disbursing, and accounting for ad valorem taxes collected in the county.

The County Board of Assessors, appointed for fixed terms by the county commissioners, are responsible for determining taxability; the appraisal, assessment, and the equalization of all assessments within the county. They notify taxpayers when changes are made to the value of the property; they receive and review all appeals filed; and they insure that the appeal process proceeds properly. In addition, they approve all exemptions claimed by the taxpayer.

The County Board of Equalization, appointed by the Grand Jury, is the body charged by law with hearing and adjudicating administrative appeals to property values and assessments made by the Board of Assessors (Note: an arbitration method of appeal is available to the taxpayer in lieu of an appeal to the board of equalization at the option of the taxpayer at the time the appeal is filed).

The Board of County Commissioners, an elected body, establishes the budget for county government operations each year, and then they levy the mill rate necessary to fund the portion of the budget to be paid for by ad valorem tax.

The County Board of Education, an elected body, establishes the annual budget for school purposes, and they then recommend their mill rate, which, with very few exceptions, must be levied for the school board by the county commissioners

The State Revenue Commissioner exercises general oversight of the entire ad valorem tax process. In addition, the State of Georgia levies as valorem tax each in the amount which can not exceed one-fourth of one mill (.00025).

Property taxes, along with collection of sales tax, licenses and permit fees, fines and forfeitures, and charges for services, bring in the majority of the funds used to fund the Athens-Clarke County Government. Some of the services and benefits provided by tax collection are, administration of the county government and public school system, fire and police protection, libraries, good streets and roads, parks, and hospitals.


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