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Incoterms repository >>
贸易术语 Incoterms repository
外贸常识 trade repository
报送指南 apply to the customs guide
检验检疫 inspection quarantine
保险知识 insurance knowledge
运输导航 transportation guide
国际结算 international settlement
加工贸易 processing trade
世界时差 world time
世界货币 currency code
商贸展览 trade show
世界区号 world code
国家评级 country rating table

New wisdom Miner's lamp >>
mineral lamp >>
LED miner's lamp NEW
KL8M mineral lamp
KL10M mineral lamp
KL8M The old lamp (left) compare with our li-ion battery lamp (right)
Charger >>
GWB-15 Portable Charger
KCLA-102 series charger rack
ZLCD-34 charger module to reborn the old rack

New wisdom pen >>
Metal pen
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Ball Pen
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Refill And Ink
site map

Knowledge battery and lamp >>
A Glossary of Battery Terms
About lamp special vocabulary comparation list
Battery Energy Density
Battery FAQ
battery knowledge
Battery statistics
Battery Tips Contents
Charging lithium-ion batteries
Discharge methods
Discharging temperature
Future battery
history mineral lamp
How charge
Industrial Standard Cylindrical Battery Sizes
lithium-ion the ideal battery
Rechargeable able Battery
the best battery
When was the battery invented

Electronic products
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New wisdom knowledge >>
Pen knowledge
Proverbs of Pen
History ball pen
Parker Pen Story
Ballpoint Pens Work
Pen Technology
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acme pens
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Trade knowledge (Chinese and English)
When was the battery invented?
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How to charge - when to charge table
Charging lithium-ion batteries
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Future battery
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are specialized with the modern technology li-ion battery series mineral lamps
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报送指南 apply to the customs guide
关于技术贸易 (About technology trading)
从价关税 (Ad Valorem Duties)
从价 (Ad Valorem)
动物产品 (Animal Product)
反倾销税 (Anti-dumping Duties)
反倾销税 (Anti-Dumping)
自主关税 (Autonomous Tariff)
单方面转移收支 (Balance of Unilateral Transfers)
保税制度 (Bonded System)
约束税率 (Bound Rate)
布鲁塞尔估价定义 (Brussels Definition of Value BDV)
出厂价格 (Cost Price)
成本 (Cost)
反补贴税 (Counter Vailing Duties)
货币 (Currency)
海关 (Customhouse)
关税合作理事会 (Customs Co-operation Council)
关税 (Customs Duty)
关税同盟 (Customs Union)
海关估价 (Customs Valuation)
差别关税 (Differential Duties)
有效保护率 (Effective Vate of Protection)
汇兑税 (Exchange Tax)
出口管制 (Export Contral)
出口信贷国家担保制 (Export credit Guarantee)
出口税 (Export Duty)
出口信贷 (Export Finance)
出口许可证 (Export Licence)
出口退税 (Export Rebates)
出口限制 (Export Restriction)
出口补贴 (Export Subsidies)
规费 (Fees)
自主关税 (free tariff)
如何报关、结关和清关? (how to apply to the customs, settle and clear the customs)
怎样进行进出口货物的查验 (how to inspect the import and export merchandise)
处于发展初级阶段 (In the Early Etages of Development)
对技术进出口的管理 (management of technology trading)
优惠差额 (Margin of Preference)
多种汇率 (Multiple Rates of Exchange)
汇兑平价 (Par Value of Exchange)
超保护贸易政策 (Policy of Super-protection)
优惠税率 (Preferential Rate)
初级产品 (Primary Commodity)
产品对产品减税方式 (Product by Product Reduction of Tariff)
保护关税 (Protective Tariff)
出口动物产品检疫 (Quarantine of Export Animal products)
互惠原则 (Reciprocity)
对报关期限的规定 (regulate in the term of clearing customs)
我国的报关注册登记制度 (regulate of customs clearing registeration in China)
储备货币 (Reserve Currency)
关税和贸易总协定秘书处 (Secretariat of GATT)
从量税 (Specific Duty)
关税减让 (Tariff Concession)
关税升级 (Tariff Escalation)
关税水平 (Tariff Level)
关税配额 (Tariff Quota)
关税税则 (Tariff)
国内税 (Taxes or Excise Duty)
关税和贸易总协定 (The General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade)
处理剩余产品的指导原则 (The Guiding Principle of Clealing With the Surplus Agricultural Products)
最惠国税率 (The Most-favoured-nation Rate of Duty)
初级产品的价格 (The Price of Primang Products)
过境关税 (Transit Duty)
差价关税 (Variable Import Levies)
船舶 (Vessel)
报关时需要提交哪些单证 (what kind of documents need in clearing the customs)

关税减让
(Tariff Concession)

通过谈判,互相让步,承担减低关税的义务。特别指二次大战后在关税及贸易总协定主持下,经由多方谈判所达成的关税减让。谈判在最惠国待遇原则下进行,列出减让税率表,所有成员国一律享有。协议的减让税率对成员会具有约束力,称约束性税率,成员国不得任意撤回或修改,并承担关税减让的法律义务,不得加征其他国内税、进口费、改变关税估价办法和对税目重新分类以及给予补贴等,以逃避、抵销减让。除规定减让税率直接减低关税外,还有以下减让形式:(1)承诺现行税率不变;(2)在谈判期间不得提高现行税率,不得增减免税税目;(3)规定最高税率不得超过等。关税及贸易总协定主持的关税减让谈判称“多边贸易谈判”(Multiple Trade Negotiation-MTN)。开始采取“逐项方式”,由该商品的主要进出口国间逐项进行磋商,达成减让协议,适用于所有成员国,后来改用“一揽子方式”,即对各类商品按同一百分比减税,如一律减50%等,然后分年度分阶段实施。各国关税税率高低不同,按同一百分比减税,对高税国有利,对低税国不利。西欧国家主张改用高税国多减,低税国少减,即所谓“协调一致方式”,但未能实现。

自关税及贸易总协定生效以来,关税减让已进行了8轮。第1轮于1947年4月至10月在日内瓦举行,有23个国家参加,达成双边减税协议123项,涉及45000项商品。第2轮于1949年4月至10月在法国安纳西举行,主要是为新参加总协定的国家安排的,有33个国家参加,达成双边协议147项,关税减让涉及的商品再增加5000项。第3轮于1950年9月至1951年4月在英托尔基举行,有39个国家参加,达成双边协定150项,关税减让涉及的商品又增加8700项。第4轮于1956年1月至5月在日内瓦举行,参加的国家只有28个,减让所影响的贸易额只有25亿美元。第5轮于1960年9月至1962年7月在日内瓦举行,又称“狄龙回合”,参加国有45个,减让所影响的贸易额约49亿美元。第6轮于1964年5月至1967年6月在日内瓦举行,又称“肯尼迪回合”,这次谈判使进口工业品的关税水平下降了35%,影响贸易额400亿美元。第7轮是1973年9月在东京召开,1979年在日内瓦结束的,又称“东京回合”,参加国有99个(包括29个非总协定成员国),各国的减税幅度在25%至33%之间。第8轮于1986年9月在乌拉圭的埃斯特角城通过的部长宣言开始,又称“乌拉圭回合”,有107个国家和地区参加,目前仍在进行中,中国第一次参加了关贸总协定的多边关税谈判,中国关税谈判代表团已向乌拉圭回合的多边关税谈判小组提出了中国的关税减让方案,但未经审议和评估。

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Address: 4-306, Xianglixincuen, Hongli West Road, Shenzhen, China
TEL:86-755-83911841 86-13316919837  86-13332985903   POSTCODE:518034   Contact person: Tom Ding;  Mary Deng
FAX:86-755-83906115 EMAIL: tom@n-wisdom.com  szdingbp@public.szptt.net.cn  dingbp_szb@21cn.net

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