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最新贸易术语Incoterms 2000 CFR CIF CIP DDU CPT DAF DDP DES DEQ FCA EXW FAS FOB 美国对外贸易概述     


CIF 成本、保险费加运费(……指定目的港)(CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight (...named port of destination))

  “成本、保险费加运费”是指在装运港当货物越过船舷时卖方即完成交货。

  卖方必须支付将货物运至指定的目的港所需的运费和费用,但交货后货物灭失或损坏的风险及由于各种事件造成的任何额外费用即由卖方转移到买方。但是,在CIF条件下,卖方还必须办理买方货物在运输途中灭失或损坏风险的海运保险。

  因此,由卖方订立保险合同并支付保险费。买方应注意到,CIF术语只要求卖方投保最低限度的保险险别。如买方需要更高的保险险别,则需要与卖方明确地达成协议,或者自行作出额外的保险安排。

  CIF术语要求卖方办理货物出口清关手续。

  该术语仅适用于海运和内河运输。若当事方无意越过船舷交货则应使用CIP术语。


A 卖方义务

B 买方义务

A1 提供符合合同规定的货物

  卖方必须提供符合销售合同规定的货物和商业发票或有同等作用的电子讯息,以及合同可能要求的、证明货物符合合同规定的其他任何凭证。

B1 支付价款

  买方必须按照销售合同规定支付价款。

A2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  卖方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何出口许可证或其他官方许可,并在需要办理海关手续时,办理货物出口货物所需的一切海关手续。

B2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  买方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何进口许可证或其他官方许可,并在需要办理海关手续时,办理货物进口及从他国过境的一切海关手续。

A3 运输合同和保险合同

  a)运输合同
  卖方必须自付费用,按照通常条件订立运输合同,经由惯常航线,将货物用通常可供运输合同所指货物类型的海轮(或依情况适合内河运输的船只)装运至指定的目的港。

  b)保险合同
  卖方必须按照合同规定,自付费用取得货物保险,并向买方提供保险单或其他保险证据,以使买方或任何其他对货物具有保险利益的人有权直接向保险人索赔。保险合同应与信誉良好的保险人或保险公司订立,在无相反明确协议时,应按照《协会货物保险条款》(伦敦保险人协会)或其他类似条款中的最低保险险别投保。保险期限应按照B5和B4规定。应买方要求,并由买方负担费用,卖方应加投战争、罢工、暴乱和民变险,如果能投保的话。最低保险金额应包括合同规定价款另加10%(即110%),并应采用合同货币。

B3 运输合同与保险合同

  a)运输合同
  无义务。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

A4 交货

  卖方必须在装运港,在约定的日期或期限内,将货物交至船上。

B4 受领货物

  买方必须在卖方已按照A4规定交货时受领货物,并在指定的目的港从承运人处收受货物。

A5 风险转移

  除B5规定者外,卖方必须承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,直至货物在装运港越过船舷为止。

B5 风险转移

  买方必须承担货物在装运港越过船舷之后灭失或损坏的一切风险。

  如买方未按照B7规定给予卖方通知,买方必须从约定的装运日期或装运期限届满之日起,承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限。

A6 费用划分

  除B6规定者外,卖方必须支付与货物有关的一切费用,直至已经按照A4规定交货为止;及按照A3a)规定所发生的运费和其他一切费用,包括货物的装船费;及按照A3b)规定所发生的保险费用;及根据运输合同由卖方支付的、在约定卸货港的任何卸货费用;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物出口需要办理的海关手续费用及出口时应缴纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,以及根据运输合同规定由卖方支付的货物从他国过境的费用。
 
B6 费用划分

  除A3a)规定外,买方必须支付自按照A4规定交货时起的一切费用;及货物在运输途中直至到达目的港为止的一切费用,除非这些费用根据运输合同应由卖方支付;及包括驳运费和码头费在内的卸货费,除非这些费用根据运输合同应由卖方支付;及如买方未按照B7规定给予卖方通知,则自约定的装运日期或装运期限届满之日起,货物所发生的一切额外费用,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物进口应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,及办理海关手续的费用,以及需要时从他国过境的费用,除非这些费用已包括在运输合同中。

A7 通知买方

  卖方必须给予买方说明货物已按照A4规定交货的充分通知,以及要求的任何其他通知,以便买方能够为受领货物采取通常必要的措施。

B7 通知卖方

  一旦买方有权决定装运货物的时间和/或目的港,买方必须就此给予卖方充分通知。

A8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  卖方必须自付费用,毫不迟延地向买方提供表明载往约定目的港的通常运输单据。

  此单据(如可转让提单、不可转让海运单或内河运输单据)必须载明合同货物,其日期应在约定的装运期内,使买方得以在目的港向承运人提取货物,并且,除非另有约定,应使买方得以通过转让单据(可转让提单)或通过通知承运人,向其后手买方出售在途货物。

  如此运输单据有数份正本,则应向买方提供全套正本。

  如买卖双方约定使用电子方式通讯,则前项所述单据可以由具有同等作用的电子数据交换(EDI)讯息代替。

B8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  买方必须接受按照A8规定提供的运输单据,如果该单据符合合同规定的话。

A9 查对、包装、标记

  卖方必须支付为按照A4规定交货所需进行的查对费用(如核对货物品质、丈量、过磅、点数的费用)。

  卖方必须自付费用,提供符合其安排的运输所要求的包装(除非按照相关行业惯例该合同所描述货物无需包装发运)。包装应作适当标记。 B9 货物检验

  买方必须支付任何装运前检验的费用,但出口国有关当局强制进行的检验除外。

A10 其他义务

  应买方要求并由其承当风险和费用,卖方必须给予买方一切协助,以帮助买方取得由装运地国和/或原产地国所签发或传送的、为买方进口货物可能要求的和必要时从他国过境所需的任何单据或有同等作用的电子讯息(A8所列的除外)。

  应买方要求,卖方必须向买方提供额外投保所需的信息。

B10 其他义务

  买方必须支付因获取A10所述单据或有同等作用的电子讯息所发生的一切费用,并偿付卖方因给予协助而发生的费用。

  应卖方要求,买方必须向其提供投保所需的信息。

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CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight (...named port of destination)

In Cost, Insurance and Freight, the seller/exporter/manufacturer clears the goods for export and is responsible for delivering the goods past the ship's rail at the port of shipment (not destination).

The seller is responsible for paying for the costs associated with transport of the goods to the named port of destination. However, once the goods pass the ship's rail at the port of shipment, the buyer assumes responsibility for risk of loss or damage as well as any additional transport costs.

The seller is also responsible for procuring and paying for marine insurance in the buyer's name for the shipment.

The Cost and Freight term is used only for ocean or inland waterway transport.

The "named port of destination" in Cost and Freight and all "C" terms is domestic to the buyer.

Normal payment terms for Cost and Freight transactions include cash in advance, open account, and letters of credit.

*Insurance Note

While the seller is responsible for procuring and paying for insurance cover during the voyage to the named port of destination, the buyer may exercise prudence and purchase additional insurance coverage.

Examples

CIF Cost Insurance and Freight Hong Kong
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight Port of New York

Incoterm Category

CIF is a "C" Incoterm where the seller is responsible for contracting and paying for carriage and insurance of the goods, but not responsible for additional costs or risk of loss or damage to the goods once they have been shipped. C terms evidence "shipment" (as opposed to "arrival") contracts.

Modes of Transport Covered

Used only for ocean or inland waterway transport.

Seller's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Goods-Provide the goods, commercial invoice or electronic message, and other documentation as required by the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain at own risk and cost any export licenses and authorizations and carry out all export formalities and procedures.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-Contract for and pay costs of carriage by sea or inland waterway and insurance for 110 percent of the value of the contract to the named port of destination. The insurance policy must allow the buyer to make claim directly from the insurer. Deliver the insurance document to the buyer.

  4. Delivery-Deliver the goods on board the named vessel at the named port and at the date or within the time period stipulated in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risks of loss or damage to the goods until they have passed over the ship's rail at the port of shipment.

  6. Costs-Pay all costs of carriage and insurance until the goods have been delivered to the named port of shipment and passed over the ship's rail, plus costs of loading, carriage to the port of destination and normal unloading. Also to pay all costs relating to export including duties, taxes and customs formalities.

  7. Notice to the Buyer-Provide sufficient notice to the buyer that the goods have been delivered on board the named vessel.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Documents-Provide the buyer with a transport document that will allow the buyer to claim the goods at the destination and (unless otherwise agreed) allow the buyer to sell the goods while in transit through the transfer of the transport document or by notification to the sea carrier.

  9. Checking, Packing, Marking-Pay all costs associated with checking the quality and quantity of the goods to be in conformity with the sales contract. Provide appropriate packing (unless the goods are traditionally delivered unpackaged) as required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the buyer has made transport circumstances known to the seller prior to the execution of the sales contract. Provide marking appropriate to the packaging.

  10. Other-Provide the buyer at the buyer's request, risk and cost any and all assistance in securing documentation originating in the country of export or of origin required for import and for transshipment.

Buyer's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Payment-Pay for the goods as provided in the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain and pay costs of all import licenses and authorizations and carry out all import formalities.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-No obligation to the seller to pay for carriage or insurance.

  4. Taking Delivery-Take delivery of the goods at the port of destination as provided in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risk of loss or damage from the time the goods have passed over the ship's rail at the port of shipment.

  6. Costs-Pay all supplemental costs for the goods once they have passed over the ship's rail at the port of shipment, including unloading, lighterage and wharfage at the port of destination. Pay all costs relating to import formalities including duties, taxes and other charges including transshipment.

  7. Notice to Seller-If, according to the sales contract, the buyer is able to specify a time for shipping and/or specify a port of destination, to give the seller sufficient notice.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Document-Accept the seller's transport document so long as it is in conformity with the sales contract.

  9. Inspection(s)-Pay for the costs of pre-shipment inspection except inspections required by the country of export.

  10. Other-Pay costs of securing documentation from the country of origin or export as required for import. Reimburse seller such costs. Provide information necessary to obtain insurance.

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Address: 4-306, Xianglixincuen, Hongli West Road, Shenzhen, China
TEL:86-755-83911841 86-13316919837  86-13332985903   POSTCODE:518034   Contact person: Tom Ding;  Mary Deng
FAX:86-755-83906115 EMAIL: tom@n-wisdom.com  szdingbp@public.szptt.net.cn  dingbp_szb@21cn.net

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