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最新贸易术语Incoterms 2000 CFR CIF CIP DDU CPT DAF DDP DES DEQ FCA EXW FAS FOB 美国对外贸易概述     


CPT 运费付至(……指定目的地)(CPT Carriage Paid To (...named port of destination))

  “运费付至(……指定地点)”是指卖方向其指定的承运人交货,但卖方还必须支付将货物运至目的地的运费。亦即买方承担交货之后一切风险和其他费用。

  “承运人”是指任何人,在运输合同中,承诺通过铁路、公路、空运、海运、内河运输或上述运输的联合方式履行运输或由他人履行运输。如果还使用接运的承运人将货物运至约定目的地,则风险自货物交给第一承运人时转移。

  CPT术语要求卖方办理出口清关手续。

  该术语可适用于各种运输方式,包括多式联运。


A 卖方义务

B 买方义务

A1 提供符合合同规定的货物

  卖方必须提供符合销售合同规定的货物和商业发票或有同等作用的电子讯息。以及合同可能要求的、证明货物符合合同规定的其他任何凭证。

B1 支付价款

  买方必须按照销售合同规定支付价款。

A2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  卖方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何出口许可证或其他官方许可,并在需要办理海关手续时,办理货物出口货物所需的一切海关手续。

B2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  买方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何进口许可证或其他官方许可,并在需要办理海关手续时,办理货物进口及从他国过境的一切海关手续。

A3  运输合同和保险合同

  a)运输合同
  卖方必须自付费用,按照通常条件订立运输合同,依通常路线及习惯方式,将货物运至指定的目的地的约定点。如未约定或按照惯例也无法确定具体交货点,则卖方可在指定的目的地选择最适合其目的的交货点。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

B3 运输合同与保险合同

  a)运输合同
  无义务。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

A4 交货

  卖方必须向按照A3规定订立合同的承运人交货,或如还有接运的承运人时,则向第一承运人交货,以使货物在约定的日期或期限内运至指定的目的地的约定点。 B4 受领货物

  买方必须在卖方已按照A4规定交货时受领货物,并在指定的目的地从承运人处收受货物。

A5 风险转移

  除B5规定者外,卖方必须承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,直至已按照A4规定交货为止。

B5 风险转移

  买方必须承当按照A4规定交货时起货物灭失或损坏的一切风险。

  如买方未能按照B7规定给予卖方通知,则买方必须从约定的交货日期或交货期限届满之日起,承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限。

A6 费用划分

  除B6规定者外,卖方必须支付

直至按照A4规定交货之时与货物有关的一切费用,以及按照A3a)规定所发生的运费和其他一切费用,包括根据运输合同规定由卖方支付的装货费和在目的地的卸货费;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物出口需要办理的海关手续费用及出口时应缴纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,以及根据运输合同规定,由卖方支付的货物从他国过境的费用。

B6 费用划分

  除A3a)规定外,买方必须支付自按照A4规定交货时起的一切费用;及货物在运输途中直至到达目的地为止的一切费用,除非这些费用根据运输合同应由卖方支付;及 卸货费,除非根据运输合同应由卖方支付;及如买方未按照B7规定给予卖方通知,则自约定的装运日期或装运期限届满之日起,货物所发生的一切额外费用,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物进口应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,及办理海关手续的费用,以及从他国过境的费用,除非这些费用已包括在运输合同中。

A7 通知买方

  卖方必须给予买方说明货物已按照A4规定交货的充分通知,以及要求的任何其他通知,以便买方能够为受领货物采取通常必要的措施。

B7 通知卖方

  一旦买方有权决定发送货物的时间和/或目的地,买方必须就此给予卖方充分通知。

A8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  卖方必须自付费用(如果习惯如此的话)向买方提供按照A3订立的运输合同所涉的通常运输单据(如可转让提单、不可转让海运单、内河运输单据、空运货运单、铁路运单、公路运单或多式联运单据)。

  如买卖双方约定使用电子方式通讯,则前项所述单据可以由具有同等作用的电子数据交换(EDI)讯息代替。

B8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  买方必须接受按照A8规定提供的运输单据,如果该单据符合合同规定的话。

A9 查对、包装、标记

  卖方必须支付为按照A4规定交货所需进行的查对费用(如核对货物品质、丈量、过磅、点数的费用)。

  卖方必须自付费用,提供符合其安排的运输所要求的包装(除非按照相关行业惯例该合同所描述货物无需包装发运)。包装应作适当标记。

B9 货物检验

  买方必须支付任何装运前检验的费用,但出口国有关当局强制进行的检验除外。

A10 其他义务

  应买方要求并由其承当风险和费用,卖方必须给予买方一切协助,以帮助买方取得由装运地国和/或原产地国所签发或传送的、为买方进口货物可能要求的和必要时从他国过境所需的任何单据或有同等作用的电子讯息(A8所列的除外)。

  应买方要求,卖方必须向买方提供投保所需的信息。

B10 其他义务

  买方必须支付因获取A10所述单据或有同等作用的电子讯息所发生的一切费用,并偿付卖方因给予协助而发生的费用。

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CPT Carriage Paid To (...named port of destination)

In Carriage Paid To, the seller/exporter/manufacturer clears the goods for export, delivers them to the carrier, and is responsible for paying for carriage to the named port of destination. However, once the seller delivers the goods to the carrier, the buyer becomes responsible for all additional costs.

In Incoterms 2000 the seller is also responsible for the costs of unloading, customs clearance, duties, and other costs if such costs are included in the cost of carriage such as in small package courier delivery.

The seller is not responsible for procuring and paying for insurance cover.

The CPT term is valid for any form of transport including multimodal

The "named port of destination" in CPT and all "C" terms is domestic to the buyer, but is not necessarily the final delivery point.

The Carriage Paid To term is often used in sales where the shipment is by air freight, containerized ocean freight, courier shipments of small parcels, and in "ro-ro" (roll-on, roll-off) shipments of motor vehicles.

A "carrier" can be a shipping line, airline, trucking firm, railway or also an individual or firm who undertakes to procure carriage by any of the above methods of transport including multimodal. Therefore, a person, such as a freight forwarder, can act as a "carrier" under this term.

If subsequent carriers are used for the carriage to the agreed destination, the risk passes when the goods have been delivered to the first carrier.

*Insurance Note

While neither the buyer nor seller have obligation for providing insurance during the main voyage, both may have "insurable interest" and prudence may dictate purchase of insurance coverage.

Incoterm Category

CPT is a "C" Incoterm where the seller is responsible for contracting and paying for carriage of the goods, but not responsible for additional costs or risk of loss or damage to the goods once they have been shipped. C terms evidence "shipment" (as opposed to "arrival") contracts.

Modes of Transport Covered

All modes of transport including multimodal.

Seller's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Goods-Provide the goods, commercial invoice or electronic message, and other documentation as required by the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain at own risk and cost any export licenses and authorizations and carry out all export formalities and procedures.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-Contract for and pay all costs of carriage to the agreed point at the named place of destination. No obligation to provide insurance.

  4. Delivery-Deliver the goods to the carrier (or first of multiple carriers) for carriage to the named port of destination within the time period stipulated in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risks of loss or damage to the goods until they have been delivered to the carrier or first of multiple carriers.

  6. Costs-Pay all costs until the goods have been delivered to the carrier plus costs of loading, carriage to the port of destination and normal unloading. Also to pay all costs related to export including duties, taxes and customs formalities. Pay the costs of unloading, customs clearance, duties, and other costs if such costs are included in the cost of carriage.

  7. Notice to the Buyer-Provide sufficient notice to the buyer that the goods have been delivered to the carrier.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Documents-Provide the buyer with a transport document.

  9. Checking, Packing, Marking-Pay all costs associated with checking the quality and quantity of the goods to be in conformity with the sales contract. Provide appropriate packing (unless the goods are traditionally delivered unpackaged) as required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the buyer has made transport circumstances known to the seller prior to the execution of the sales contract. Provide marking appropriate to the packaging.

  10. Other-Provide the buyer at the buyer's request, risk and expense any and all assistance in securing documentation originating in the country of export or of origin required for import and for transshipment (as necessary). Provide the buyer at the buyer's request information necessary to obtain insurance.

Buyer's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Payment-Pay for the goods as provided in the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain and pay costs of all import licenses and authorizations and carry out all import formalities.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-No obligation to the seller for either carriage or insurance.

  4. Taking Delivery-Take delivery of the goods from the carrier at the port of destination as provided in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risk of loss or damage from the time the goods have been delivered to the carrier by the seller.

  6. Costs-Pay all additional costs (not covered in the seller's contract of carriage in Seller's #6) for the goods once they have been delivered to the carrier, including unloading, lighterage and wharfage at the port of destination. Pay all costs relating to import formalities including duties, taxes and other charges including transshipment.

  7. Notice to Seller-If, according to the sales contract, the buyer is able to specify a time for shipping and/or specify a port of destination, to give the seller sufficient notice.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Document-Accept the seller's transport document so long as it is in conformity with the sales contract.

  9. Inspection(s)-Pay for the costs of pre-shipment inspection(s) except inspections required by the country of export.

  10. Other-Pay all costs associated with securing documentation from the country of origin or export as required for import. Reimburse seller for costs in providing such documentation or assistance.

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Address: 4-306, Xianglixincuen, Hongli West Road, Shenzhen, China
TEL:86-755-83911841 86-13316919837  86-13332985903   POSTCODE:518034   Contact person: Tom Ding;  Mary Deng
FAX:86-755-83906115 EMAIL: tom@n-wisdom.com  szdingbp@public.szptt.net.cn  dingbp_szb@21cn.net

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