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最新贸易术语Incoterms 2000 CFR CIF CIP DDU CPT DAF DDP DES DEQ FCA EXW FAS FOB 美国对外贸易概述     


DAF 边境交货(……指定地点)(DAF Delivered At Frontier (...named place))

  “边境交货(……指定地点)”是指当卖方在边境的指定的地点和具体交货点,在毗邻国家海关边界前,将仍处于交货的运输工具上尚未卸下的货物交给买方处置,办妥货物出口清关手续但尚未办理进口清关手续时,即完成交货。“边境”一词可用于任何边境,包括出口国边境。因而,用指定地点和具体交货点准确界定所指边境,这是极为重要的。

  但是,如当事各方面希望卖方负责从交货运输工具上卸货并承担卸货的风险和费用,则应在销售合同中明确写明。

  该术语可用于陆地边界交货的各种运输方式,当在目的港船上或码头交货时,应DES或DEQ术语。

A 卖方义务

B 买方义务

A1 提供符合合同规定的货物

  卖方必须提供符合销售合同规定的货物和商业发票或有同等作用的电子信息,以及合同可能要求的、证明货物符合合同规定的其他任何凭证。

B1 支付价款

  买方必须按照销售合同规定支付价款。

A2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  卖方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何出口许可证或其他官方许可或其他必要文件,以便将货物交经买方处置,并在需要办理海关手续时办理货物出口并运至指定的边境交货地点以及从他国过境所需的一切海关手续。

B2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  买方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何进口许可证或其他官方许可或其他必要文件,并在需要办理海关手续时办理货物进口所需的一切海关手续,及后继运输所需的一切海关手续。

A3 运输合同与保险合同

  a)运输合同

  i)卖方必须自付费用订立运输合同,将货物运至边境指定的交货地点和具体交货点。如未约定或按照惯例也无法确定边境指定的交货地点的具体交货点,则卖方可在指定的交货地点选择最适合其目的的交货点。

  ii)然而,若买方要求,卖方要以同意按照通常条件订立合同,由买方负担风险和费用,将货物从边境指定的地点继续运至由买方指定的进口国的最终目的地。卖方可以拒绝订立此合同,如果这样,应迅速通知买方。   b)保险合同
  无义务。

B3 运输合同和保险合同

  a)运输合同
  无义务。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

A4 交货

  卖方必须在约定日期或期限内,在边境的指定的交货地点,将仍处于交货运输工具上尚未卸下的货物交给买方处置。

B4 受领货物

  买方必须在卖方按照A4规定交货时受领货物。

A5 风险转移

  除B5规定者外,卖方必须承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,直至已经按照A4规定交货为止。

B5 风险转移

  买方必须承担按照A4规定交货之时起货物灭失或损坏的一切风险。

  如买方未按照B7规定通知卖方,则必须从约定的交货日期或交货期限届满之日起,承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限。

A6 费用划分

  除B6规定者外,卖方必须支付按照A3a)规定发生的费用,及除此之外与货物有关的一切费用,直至已经按照A4规定交货为止;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物出口需要办理的海关手续费用,及货物出口时应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,以及按照A4规定交货之前从他国过境的费用。

B6 费用划分

  买方必须支付自按照A4规定交货时起与货物有关的一切费用,包括在边境的指定的交货地点将货物从交货运输工具上卸下以受领货物的卸货费;及如按照A4规定交货而买方未受领货物或未按照B7规定给予卖方通知,因此发生的一切额外费用,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限;及在需要办理海关手续时,办理海关手续的费用及货物进口时应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,以及办理后继运输的费用。

A7 通知买方   卖方必须给予买方有关货物发往边境指定的交货地点的充分通知,以及要求的任何其他通知,以便买方能够为受领货物而采取通常必要的措施。

B7 通知卖方

  一旦买方有权决定在约定期限内的时间和/或在指定的地点受领货物的点,买方必须就此给予卖方充分通知。

A8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  a)卖方必须自付费用向买方提供说明货物已按照A3a)i)规定交付至边境指定的地点的通常单据或其他凭证。

  b)如当事各方面同意按照A3a)ii)规定越过边境后继续运输,卖方必须根据买方要求,并由买方负担风险和费用,向其提供通常在发运国取得的联运单据,订明按照惯常条件从该国的发运地将货物运输至买方指定的进口国最终目的地。

  如买卖双方约定以电子方式通讯,则前项所述单据可以由具有同等作用的电子数据交换(EDI)讯息代替。

B8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  买方必须接受按照A8规定提供的运输单据和/或其他交货凭证。

A9 查对、包装、标记

  卖方必须支付为按照A4规定交货所需进行的查对费用(如核对货物品质、丈量、过磅、点数的费用)。

  卖方必须自付费用提供包装(除非约定或按照相关行业惯例,合同所指货物通常无需包装即可交货),此项包装应按照卖方订立销售合同前已知的有关运输(如运输方式、目的地)所要求,适合在边境交货及接运运输。包装应作适当标记。 B9 货物检验

  买方必须支付任何装运前检验的费用,但出口国有关当局强制进行的检验除外。

A10 其他义务

  应买方要求并由其承担风险和费用,卖方必须给予买方一切协助,以帮助买方取得由装运地国和/或原产地国所签发或传送的、为买方进口货物可能要求的和必要时从他国过境所需的任何单据或有同等作用的电子讯息(A8所列的除外)。

  应买方要求,卖方必须向买方提供投保所需的信息。

B10 其他义务

  买方必须支付因获取A10所述单据或有同等作用的电子讯息所发生的一切费用,并偿付卖方因给予协助而发生的费用。
  必要时,按照A3a)ii)规定,应卖方要求,买方必须负担风险和费用,向卖方提供外汇管制许可、许可证件、其他单据或经认证的副本,或提供取得联运单所需的进口国最终目的地地址或A8b)中所指的任何其他单据。

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DAF Delivered At Frontier (...named place)

In Delivered At Frontier, the seller/exporter/manufacturer clears the goods for export and is responsible for making them available to the buyer at the named point and place at the frontier, not unloaded, and not cleared for import.

In the DAF term, naming the precise point, place, and time of availability at the frontier is very important as the buyer must make arrangements to unload and secure the goods in a timely manner.

Frontier can mean any frontier including the frontier of export. The DAF term is valid for any mode of shipment, so long as the final shipment to the named place at the frontier is by land.

The seller is not responsible for procuring and paying for insurance cover.

Example 1

DAF Laredo, Texas. Seller is in Dallas, Texas, buyer is in Mexico City, Mexico. The shipment travels by truck from Dallas to the frontier at Laredo, Texas USA where the buyer takes possession and trucks the goods to Mexico City.

Example 2

DAF Basel Switzerland. Seller is in Dallas, Texas, buyer is in Bern Switzerland. The shipment travels by truck from Dallas to Port Arthur, by ship to Le Havre, France and then by rail to the frontier in Basel where the buyer takes possession and transports the goods to the city of Bern.

Incoterm Category

DAF is a "D" Incoterm where the seller is responsible for all costs associated with delivering the goods to the named point and place of destination. "D" terms evidence "arrival" (as opposed to "shipment") contracts.

Modes of Transport Covered

Used for all modes of transport so long as the final shipment to the named place at the frontier is by land.

Seller's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Goods-Provide the goods, commercial invoice or electronic message, and other documentation as required by the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-a) Obtain at own risk and cost any export licenses and authorizations required to enable the buyer to deal with export formalities at the named frontier. And, if transshipped, b) Carry out all export formalities and procedures required to bring the goods to the named frontier.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-Contract for and pay all costs of carriage and transshipment (if necessary) to the named place. No obligation to provide insurance.

  4. Delivery-Make the goods available to the buyer unloaded at the frontier at the named point and place and on the date or period specified in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risks of loss or damage to the goods until they have been made available to the buyer at the named point place and time at the frontier.

  6. Costs-Pay all costs until the goods have been delivered at the frontier, including carriage, and all prior to delivery export formalities.

  7. Notice to the Buyer-Provide sufficient notice of dispatch and projected arrival that the buyer can take appropriate action to arrange pick-up of the goods.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Documents-Provide the buyer with documentary evidence of delivery at the frontier. At the buyer's request, risk and cost, provide a through document of transport to the named place of destination.

  9. Checking, Packing, Marking-Pay all costs associated with checking the quality and quantity of the goods to be in conformity with the sales contract. Provide appropriate packing (unless the goods are traditionally delivered unpackaged) as required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the buyer has made transport circumstances known to the seller prior to the execution of the sales contract. Provide marking appropriate to the packaging.

  10. Other-Provide the buyer at the buyer's request, risk and expense any and all assistance in securing documentation originating in the country of export or of origin required for import. Provide the buyer with information necessary to obtain insurance.

Buyer's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Payment-Pay for the goods as provided in the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain and pay costs of all import licenses and authorizations and carry out all import formalities.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-No obligation to the seller for either carriage or insurance.

  4. Taking Delivery-Take delivery of the goods once they are made available at the frontier.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risk of loss or damage from the time the goods have been delivered at the named point, place and time at the frontier.

  6. Costs-Pay all costs for the goods once they have been delivered to the frontier including unloading. Pay all costs relating to import formalities including duties, taxes and formalities. Pay for transport from the frontier to the final destination.

  7. Notice to Seller-If, according to the sales contract, the buyer is able to specify a time for and/or a place of delivery, to give the seller sufficient notice.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Document-Accept the seller's transport document so long as it is in conformity with the sales contract.

  9. Inspection(s)-Pay for the costs of pre-shipment inspection(s) except inspections required by the country of export.

  10. Other-Pay all costs associated with securing documentation from the country of origin or export required for import. Reimburse seller for costs in providing such documentation or assistance. Provide the seller with any authorizations, permits, documents or other information required for obtaining a through transport document.

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Address: 4-306, Xianglixincuen, Hongli West Road, Shenzhen, China
TEL:86-755-83911841 86-13316919837  86-13332985903   POSTCODE:518034   Contact person: Tom Ding;  Mary Deng
FAX:86-755-83906115 EMAIL: tom@n-wisdom.com  szdingbp@public.szptt.net.cn  dingbp_szb@21cn.net

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