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最新贸易术语Incoterms 2000 CFR CIF CIP DDU CPT DAF DDP DES DEQ FCA EXW FAS FOB 美国对外贸易概述     


DEQ 目的港码头交货(……指定目的港)(DEQ Delivered Ex Quay (...named port of destination))

“目的港码头交货”是指卖方在指定的目的港码头将货物交给买方处置,不办理进口清关手续,即完成交货。卖方应承担格货物运至指定的目的港并卸至码头的一切风险和费用。


DEQ术语要求买方办理进口清关手续并在进口时支村一切办理海关手续的费用、关税、税款和其他费用。


这和以前版本相反,以前版本要求卖方办理进口清关手续。


如果当事方希望卖方负担全部或部分进口时交纳的费用,则应在销售合同中明确写明。


只有当货物经由海运、内河运输或多式联运且在目的港码头卸货时,才能使用该术语。但是,如果当事方希望卖方负担将货物从码头运至港口以内或以外的其他点(仓库、终点站、运输站等)的义务时,则应使用DDU或DDP术语。

A 卖方义务

B 买方义务

A1 提供符合合同规定的货物

  卖方必须提供符合销售合同规定的货物和商业发票或有同等作用的电子信息,以及合同可能要求的、证明货物符合合同规定的其他凭证。

B1 支付价款

  买方必须按照销售合同规定支付价款。

A2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  卖方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何出口许可证或其他官方许可或其他必要文件,并在需要办理海关手续时办理货物出口和从他国过境所需的一切海关手续。 B2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  买方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何进口许可证或其他官方许可,并在需要办理海关手续时办理货物进口所需的一切海关手续。

A3 运输合同与保险合同

  a)运输合同

  卖方必须自付费用订立运输合同,将货物运至指定目的港的指定码头。如未约定或按照惯例也无法确定具体码头,则卖方可在指定的目的港选择最适合其目的的码头交货。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

B3 运输合同和保险合同

  a)运输合同
  无义务。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。 A4 交货

  卖方必须在约定的日期或期限内,在按照A3指定的目的港码头上将货物交给买方处置。

B4 受领货物

  买方必须在卖方按照A4规定交货时受领货物。

A5 风险转移

  除B5规定者外,卖方必须承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,直至已经按照A4规定交货为止。

B5 风险转移

  买方必须承担按照A4规定交货之时起货物灭失或损坏的一切风险。

  如买方未按照B7规定通知卖方,则必须自约定的交货日期或交货期限届满之日起,承担货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限。

A6 费用划分

  除B6规定者外,卖方必须支付按照A3a)规定发生的费用,以及按照A4规定在目的港码头交货前与货物有关的一切费用;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物出口需要办理的海关手续费用及货物出口时应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,以及按照A4规定交货前从他国过境的费用。

B6 费用划分

  买方必须支付自按照A4规定交货之时起与货物有关的一切费用,包括在港口搬运货物以便继续运输或存入仓库或中转站的一切费用;及如货物按照A4规定交给买方处置而未受领货物,或未按照B7规定通知卖方,由此而发生的一切额外费用,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物进口所需办理的海关手续费用及应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用。

A7 通知买方

  卖方必须给予买方有关按照A4规定指定的船只预期到达时间的充分通知,以及要求的任何其他通知,以便买方能够为受领货物而采取通常必要的措施。

B7 通知卖方

  一旦买方有权决定在约定期限内的时间和/或在指定的目地港受领货物的点,买方必须就此给予卖方充分通知。

A8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  卖方必须自付费用向买方提供提货单和/或通常运输单据(如可转让提单、不可转让海运单、内河运输单据或多式联运单据)以使买方得以提货,从码头上搬走。如买卖双方约定以电子方式通讯,则前项所述单据可以由具有同等作用的电子数据交换(EDI)讯息代替。

B8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  买方必须接受按照A8规定提供的提货单或运输单据。

A9 查对、包装、标记

  卖方必须支付为按照A4规定交货所需进行的查对费用(如核对货物品质、丈量、过磅、点数的费用)。

  卖方必须自付费用提供为交付货物所要求的包装(除非按照相关行业惯例,合同所指货物无需包装即可交货)。包装应作适当标记。

B9 货物检验

  买方必须支付任何装运前检验的费用,但出口国有关当局强制进行的检验除外。

A10 其他义务

  应买方要求并由其承担风险和费用,卖方必须给予买方一切协助,以帮助买方取得由装运地国和/或原产地国所签发或传送的、为买方进口货物可能要求的任何单据或有同等作用的电子讯息(A8所列的除外)。

  应买方要求,卖方必须向买方提供投保所需的信息。

B10 其他义务

  买方必须支付因获取A10所述单据或有同等作用的电子讯息所发生的一切费用,并偿付卖方因给予协助而发生的费用。

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DEQ Delivered Ex Quay (...named port of destination)

In Delivered Ex Quay, the seller/exporter/manufacturer clears the goods for export and is responsible for making them available to the buyer on the quay (warf) at the named port of destination, not cleared for import. The buyer, therefore, assumes all responsibilities for import clearance, duties, and other costs upon import as well as transport to the final destination. This is new for Incoterms 2000.

The DES term is used only for shipments of goods arriving at the port of destination by ocean or by inland waterway.

All forms of payment are used in DEQ transactions.

Examples

DEQ Delivered Ex Quay Alexandria Egypt
DEQ Delivered Ex Quay Stockholm Sweden

Incoterm Category

DEQ is a "D" Incoterm where the seller is responsible for all costs associated with delivering the goods to the quay (wharf) at the named port of destination. "D" terms evidence "arrival" (as opposed to "shipment") contracts.

Modes of Transport Covered

Used only for ocean or inland waterway transport.

Seller's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Goods-Provide the goods, commercial invoice or electronic message, and other documentation as required by the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain at own risk and cost any export licenses and authorizations and carry out all export formalities and procedures, including those associated with transshipment to the named port of destination.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-Contract for and pay all costs of carriage and transshipment (if necessary) to the named place, port and quay (wharf) of destination. No obligation to provide insurance.

  4. Delivery-Make the goods available to the buyer at the named port and quay on the date or within the period specified in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risks of loss or damage to the goods until they have been made available to the buyer at the named port and quay (wharf).

  6. Costs-Pay all costs until the goods have been delivered, including carriage, unloading, all export and import formalities, duties and taxes and transshipment (if necessary) to the named port and quay (wharf).

  7. Notice to the Buyer-Provide sufficient notice of dispatch and projected arrival that the buyer can take appropriate action to arrange pick-up of the goods.

  8. Transport Documents-Provide the buyer with the delivery order and/or a transport document enabling the buyer to take possession at the port of destination.

  9. Checking, Packing, Marking-Pay all costs associated with checking the quality and quantity of the goods to be in conformity with the sales contract. Provide appropriate packing (unless the goods are traditionally delivered unpackaged) as required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the buyer has made transport circumstances known to the seller prior to the execution of the sales contract. Provide marking appropriate to the packaging.

  10. Other-Pay all costs associated with securing documentation originating in the country of importation required to for import clearance of the goods. Provide the buyer with information necessary to obtain insurance.

Buyer's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Payment-Pay for the goods as provided in the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain and pay costs of all import licenses and authorizations and carry out all import formalities.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-No obligation to the seller for either carriage or insurance.

  4. Taking Delivery-Take delivery of the goods once they are made available at the quay.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risk of loss or damage from the time the goods have been made available at the quay wharf).

  6. Costs-Pay all costs for the goods once they have been made available at the quay (wharf).

  7. Notice to Seller-If, according to the sales contract, the buyer is able to specify a time for and/or a place of delivery, to give the seller sufficient notice.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Document-Accept the seller's delivery order or transport document so long as it is in conformity with the sales contract.

  9. Inspection(s)-Pay for the costs of pre-shipment inspection(s) except inspections required by the country of export.

  10. Other-Pay all costs associated with securing documentation from the country of origin or export required for import. Reimburse seller for costs in providing such documentation or assistance.

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