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最新贸易术语Incoterms 2000 CFR CIF CIP DDU CPT DAF DDP DES DEQ FCA EXW FAS FOB 美国对外贸易概述     


EXW 工厂交货(……指定地点)(EXW, Ex Works (...named place))

  “工厂交货(……指定地点)”是指当卖方在其所在地或其他指定的地点(如工场、工厂或仓库)将货物交给买方处置时,即完成交货,卖方不办理出口清关手续或将货物装上任何运输工具。

  该术语是卖方承当责任最小的术语。买方必须承当在卖方所在地受领货物的全部费用和风险。

  但是,若双方希望在起运时卖方负责装载货物并承当装载货物的全部费用和风险时,则须在销售合同中明确写明。在买方不能直接或间接的办理出口手续时,不应使用该术语,而应使用FCA,如果卖方同意装载货物并承当费用和风险的话。


A 卖方义务

B 买方义务

A1 提供符合合同规定的货物

  卖方必须提供符合销售合同规定的货物和商业发票或有同等作用的电子讯息,以及合同可能要求的、证明货物符合合同规定的其他任何凭证。

B1 支付价款

  买方必须按照销售合同规定支付价款。

A2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  应买方要求并由其承当风险和费用,在需要办理海关手续时,卖方必须给予买方一切协助,以帮助买方取得为货物出口所需的出口许可证或其他官方许可。

B2 许可证、其他许可和手续

  买方必须自担风险和费用,取得任何出口和进口许可证或其他官方许可,在需要办理海关手续时,并办理货物出口的一切海关手续。 A3 运输合同与保险合同

  a)运输合同
  无义务。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

B3 运输合同与保险合同

  a)运输合同
  无义务。

  b)保险合同
  无义务。

A4 交货

  卖方必须按照合同约定的日期或期限,或如果未约定日期或期限,按照交付此类货物的惯常时间,在指定的地点将未置于任何运输车辆上的货物交给买方处置。若在指定的地点内未约定具体交货点,或有若干个交货点可使用,则卖方可在交货地点中选择最适合其目的的交货点。 B4 受领货物

  买方必须在卖方按照A4和A7/B7规定交货时受领货物。

A5 风险转移

  除B5规定者外,卖方必须承当货物灭失或损坏的一切风险,直至已经按照A4规定交货为止。

B5 风险转移

  买方必须按照下述规定承当货物灭失或损坏的一切风险:自按照A4规定交货之时起;及由于买方未能按照B7规定通知卖方,则自约定的交货日期或交货期限届满之日起,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限。

A6 费用划分

  除B6规定者外,卖方必须负担与货物有关的一切费用,直到已经按照A4规定交货为止。

B6 费用划分

  买方必须支付自按照A4规定交货之时起与货物有关的一切费用;及在货物交给买方处置而买方未受领货物或未按照B7规定给予卖方相应通知而发生的任何额外费用,但以该项货物已正式划归合同项下,即清楚地划出或以其他方式确定为合同项下之货物为限;及在需要办理海关手续时,货物出口应交纳的一切关税、税款和其他费用,以及办理海关手续的费用。

  买方必须偿付卖方按照A2规定给予协助时所发生的一切费用。

A7 通知买方

  卖方必须给予买方有关货物将于何时何地交给买方处置的充分通知。

B7 通知卖方

  一旦买方有权确定在约定的期限内受领货物的具体时间和/或地点时,买方必须就此给予卖方充分通知。

A8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  无义务。

B8 交货凭证、运输单据或有同等作用的电子讯息

  买方必须向卖方提供已受领货物的适当凭证。

A9 查对、包装、标记

  卖方必须支付为了将货物交给买方处置所需进行的查对费用(如查对货物品质、丈量、过磅、点数的费用)。

  卖方必须自付费用提供按照卖方在订立合同前已知的有关该货物运输(如运输方式、目的地)所要求的包装(除非按照相关行业惯例,合同所指货物通常无需包装)。包装应作适当标记。 B9 货物检验

  买方必须支付任何装运前检验的费用,包括出口国有关当局强制进行的检验。

A10 其他义务

  应买方要求并由其承当风险和费用,卖方必须给予买方一切协助,以帮助其取得由交货地国和/或原产地国所签发或传送的为买方出口和/或进口货物可能要求的和必要时从他国过境所需要的任何单据或有同等作用的电子讯息。

  应买方要求,卖方必须向买方提供投保所需的信息。

B10 其他义务

  买方必须支付因取得A10所述单据或有同等作用的电子讯息而发生的一切费用,并偿付卖方给予协助时所发生的费用。

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EXW, Ex Works (...named place)

In Ex Works, the seller/exporter/manufacturer merely makes the goods available to the buyer at the seller's "named place" of business. This trade term places the greatest responsibility on the buyer and minimum obligations on the seller. The seller does not clear the goods for export and does not load the goods onto a truck or other transport vehicle at the named place of departure.

The parties to the transaction, however, may stipulate that the seller be responsible for the costs and risks of loading the goods onto a transport vehicle. Such a stipulation must be made within the contract of sale.

If the buyer cannot handle export formalities the Ex Works term should not be used. In such a case Free Carrier (FCA) is recommended.

The Ex Works term is often used when making an initial quotation for the sale of goods. It represents the cost of the goods without any other costs included. Normal payment terms for Ex Works transactions are generally cash in advance and open account.

Examples

EXW Ex Works ABC Factory Paris, France
EXW Ex Works XYZ Printing Plant Singapore
 

Incoterm Category

EXW is the only "E" Incoterm. The "E" Incoterm is where the seller/exporter makes the goods available to the buyer/importer at the seller/exporter's premises/factory/warehouse.

Modes of Transport Covered

All modes of transport including multimodal.
 

Seller's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Goods-Provide the goods, commercial invoice or electronic message, and other documentation as required by the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Provide the buyer at the buyer's request, risk and cost, every assistance in obtaining any license, authorization or documentation required for export of the goods.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-The seller has no obligation to provide carriage of goods or insurance.

  4. Delivery-Make the goods available to the buyer, unloaded, at the named place and on the date stipulated in the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risks to the goods (loss or damage) until they have been made available to the buyer as above in # 4 above.

  6. Costs-Pay all costs until the goods have been made available to the buyer in accordance with #4 above.

  7. Notice to the Buyer-Provide sufficient notice to the buyer of the location and time of availability of the goods.

  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Documents-The seller has no obligation to provide the buyer with a proof of delivery or a transport document.

  9. Checking, Packing, Marking-Pay all costs associated with checking the quality and quantity of the goods to be in conformity with the sales contract. Provide appropriate packing (unless the goods are traditionally delivered unpackaged) as required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the buyer has made transport circumstances known to the seller prior to the execution of the sales contract. Provide marking appropriate to the packaging.

  10. Other-Provide the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk and expense, assistance in securing documentation originating in the country of origin or of export as required for export and import. Provide the buyer at the buyer's request information necessary to obtain insurance.

Buyer's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Payment-Pay for the goods as provided in the sales contract.

  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities-Obtain at own risk and cost all export and import licenses and authorizations. Carry out all export and import formalities at own risk and cost.

  3. Carriage and Insurance-The buyer has no obligation to the seller to provide contract of carriage or insurance.

  4. Taking Delivery-Take delivery of the goods when they have been made available by the seller in accordance with the terms of the sales contract.

  5. Risk Transfer-Assume all risks (loss or damage) from the time the goods have been made available by the seller in accordance with the terms of the sales contract.

  6. Costs-Pay all costs for carriage and insurance from the time the goods have been made available by the seller in accordance with the terms of the sales contract. Pay all costs resulting from failure to take delivery at the named place and time. Pay all costs relating to export and import including duties, taxes, customs formalities and other charges including transshipment.Reimburse the seller for costs of providing assistance in obtaining export licenses and authorizations.

  7. Notice to Seller-If, according to the sales contract, the buyer is able to specify a time within a stipulated period, and/or specify a place of taking delivery, to give the seller sufficient notice.

  8. Proof of Delivery-Provide the seller with evidence of having taken delivery.

  9. Inspection(s)-Pay for the costs of pre-shipment inspection(s) including inspections required by the country of export.

  10. Other-Pay and/or reimburse the seller for all costs associated with securing documentation originating in the country of origin or export as required for export and import.

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